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Page 36 of 47 PalletCentral • September-October 2015 37 additional 25,000 injury reports per year. These will trigger OSHA inspections in about 60 percent of the incidents. That does not include the preventative inspections triggered by the overhauled amputation NEP. The new NEP directive applies to all general industry (not construction) workplaces where any machinery and equipment that could cause amputations are present. The directive lists machine types that the agency believes are implicated in such injuries, including: aerial lift platforms, cranes, conveyors, extruding machinery, grinders, material and personnel handling machinery, milling machines, woodworking machinery, mowing machinery, packing/wrapping/bundling machinery, band, table and radial arm saws, and all types of shears. It also directs attention to related ANSI and ASME voluntary consensus standards that establish "best practices" for the use of such machinery. Key consensus standards with applicability to the pallet and container industry include: • ANSI B11.8 (drilling, milling and boring machines) • ANSI O1.1 (woodworking machinery) • ANSI B155.1 (packaging machinery) • ANSI Z244.1 (lockout/tagout and control of hazardous energy). OSHA notes that the appendix is not an all-inclusive list of consensus standards associated with hazardous machinery and equipment. OSHA sometimes uses such standards in conjunction with its General Duty Clause (Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act) to issue serious citations to employers where there is no other OSHA standard that fits the situation. OSHA plans to do outreach for 90 days following the revised NEP, through local media, trade magazines, hospitals and health

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